Depression increases the risk of diabetes

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People suffering from depression have an increased risk of developing type II diabetes.

(2010-08-17) People suffering from the depressive syndrome have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, the German Diabetes Society (DDG) said. Because with depression, most patients tend to be overweight and exercise far too little in everyday life. This in turn favors diabetes.

But not only the lack of exercise is responsible for this. With depression, the level of cortisol in the blood also increases. When the hormone level increases, insulin resistance is promoted, for which the cortisol is responsible. Sufficient sugar from the blood can then no longer be stored in the body cells. This results in a type II diabetes. As the German Diabetes Society announced, people with depression should therefore be examined for diabetes.

Both diseases seem to favor each other in a negative sense. For example, a scientific study found that type II diabetes sufferers from depression suffer from complications in small blood vessels eleven times more often than diabetics without depression. The risk of suffering a heart attack caused by damage to the large blood vessels also increases by a factor of 2.5.

Combination depression and type II diabetes are particularly problematic.
Type II diabetes Patients who also suffer from depression find it particularly difficult. Because with depression, people are extremely low-powered and strongly introverted. If the depression is particularly pronounced, suicidal tendencies are added. With diabetes, however, it is particularly important to actively participate in the therapy goal. It is particularly difficult for depressed people. "Depression is a major barrier here," said Bernhard Kulzer, chair of the Psychology Working Group within the Diabetes Society (DDG). This excessively increases the risk of complications and serious complications. The more serious the secondary illness, the more manifest and pronounced is depression. Complications such as foot amputation or blindness can occur. "Affected diabetics also need psychological care, especially at the beginning of the illness and when late complications occur for the first time. Refraining from psychological care not only worsens the quality of life and lifespan of the diabetic," says the DDG. (sb)

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