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Pollutant encyclopedia for food published: pregnant women should refrain from smoking fish
During pregnancy, mothers should refrain from eating smoked fish due to the presence of listeria. Raw milk cheese, cheese rind and raw meat should also be avoided for the same reason. The risks of individual foods are described in the new information booklet "The Pollutant Lexicon - Unwanted in Food" by the "AID Information Service" Nutrition, Agriculture, Consumer Protection e. V. to read.
Listeria (the cause of listeriosis disease) is a health risk that should not be underestimated, especially for pregnant women and people with a weakened immune system. Pregnant women should avoid smoking fish completely, so the warning in the aid information booklet. Numerous risk factors for food intake such as bisphenol A contamination, salmonella, contamination with heavy metals, pesticides or neutrosamines are addressed in the pollutant lexicon.
Listeriosis dangerous for pregnant women and immunocompromised people According to the pollutant encyclopedia, pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems should avoid all raw fish, but also smoked or marinated fish, because of the risk of listeriosis. Listeriosis is usually rather harmless with symptoms such as headache, fever, nausea and vomiting. In immunocompromised people, however, the listeria represents a considerable health risk, because they are at risk of a listeriosis with a far more severe course. Bacteria often infect several organs, and patients may experience life-threatening meningitis or blood poisoning. On the one hand, the risk of infection is significantly increased in women during pregnancy, and on the other hand, there are serious health consequences for the unborn child. In the course of listeriosis, the likelihood of premature or stillbirth increases massively. The risk of developmental impairment in the unborn child also increases.
Consuming vacuum-packed food promptly In addition to fish, the pollutant encyclopedia also names raw milk cheese and cheese rind as possible sources of the listeria and therefore warns pregnant women against consumption. Another note on nutrition during pregnancy relates to the consumption of vacuum-packed food. According to the aid information booklet, pregnant women should consume the appropriate food as soon as possible after the purchase and well before the expiry date, since harmful germs can also develop in it. People with a weakened immune system should also take these tips into account. Heat-treated foods are, however, safe to consume with regard to listeria, since the bacteria die quickly in the heat.
Pollutant encyclopedia lists numerous risk factors in nutrition The pollutant encyclopedia lists a number of possible risk factors in nutrition, with the list ranging from A for acrylamide to Z for zearalenone. Some basic rules for nutrition and hygiene in the kitchen are also presented in an understandable way. For example, readers will learn how to properly clean raw food, why it is best to store and process it separately, or how to properly cool and heat food. Notes on special preparation methods are also summarized here. For example, the aid information booklet points out that special polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be generated during barbecuing (with charcoal or open fire), which pose a health risk that should not be underestimated. Therefore, aluminum grill trays should always be used to minimize the load, according to the experts. Gas or electric barbecues could also avoid this risk, but grease should not drip onto the heating coils, as this would also promote the development of carcinogenic PAHs. (fp)
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