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Important answers on the subject of diabetes
A number of metabolic diseases are summarized under the term diabetes mellitus, often known simply as diabetes. The focus is on the pancreas, which produces too little or no insulin. This defect leads to over-sugar in the body, which is characteristic of the disease. There are two types of diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes This form is most common in the population. Here, the body cells no longer react sufficiently to the hormone insulin, which takes over the task of transporting the sugar into the individual cells. Risk factors for this form are primarily overweight, lack of exercise and a genetic predisposition. Older people are often affected by the disease.
Type 1 diabetes In this form, the immune system virtually destroys the pancreas and the body can no longer produce insulin. As a result, those affected have to inject insulin for a lifetime. Young people and young adults are particularly affected.
The list of possible symptoms is long. Among them are:
- Frequent urination
- Strong feelings of thirst
- Dry or itchy skin
- weight loss
- Wounds heal less well
- Increased susceptibility to infections
- Breath smells of acetone
Symptoms can occur with both types of diabatis, with type-2 often not showing any signs for a long time because the blood sugar level increases only slowly. Type 1, on the other hand, develops faster and the symptoms are clearly diagnosable. Diabetes mellitus is considered to be incurable, but it is easy to treat. This requires a lot of knowledge and personal responsibility on the part of the patient. Affected persons should definitely seek specialist medical support. Stand for a quick clarification of your questions
Tomorrow, Tuesday, from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. two medical doctors, Dr. med. Manuela Karl, specialist for internal medicine and diabetes specialist DDG, is available on 0 80 31/213 212. Dr. Christina Bayer, internist - endocrinology, diabetology (DDG) and nutritionist (DAEM / DGEM), can be reached on 0 80 31/213 226. (fr)