Cancer researched in 3,200 year old skeleton

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3,200 year old skeleton shows clear traces of cancer

Cancer - a disease of the genes, the development of which can be promoted by UV rays, tobacco smoke, chemicals, chronic infections, increased alcohol consumption and an unhealthy lifestyle with insufficient fruit, vegetables and exercise. Accordingly, the so-called "scourge of humanity", which has become the most common cause of death within the European Union, has so far been regarded as a "modern" disease. But now British researchers have apparently discovered cancer metastases in a 3,200-year-old skeleton, thus providing the latest evidence for the long history of the disease.

So far, cancer has been perceived as a disease of the modern age Up to now, experts and the general public have perceived cancer as a disease of the modern age, caused or promoted by aspects of the "modern" lifestyle such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, unbalanced diet and Too little movement. However, researchers from Durham University in the UK and the "British Museum" in London have recently shown that the disease did not develop in the course of modernity, but instead has apparently been around for several thousand years. For example, the archaeologist Michaela Binder from Austria at the English University in Sudan discovered a male skeleton that was more than 3,200 years old and was marked by traces of cancer, something that scientists have never seen before: “Dated to 1200 BC the individual from Amara West in Sudan was identified as one of the earliest people in the world to have suffered from secondary malignant tumors, ”said the researchers in the journal" PLoS One ".

Findings create new opportunities to study the disease As the scientists report further, the analysis of human remains had revealed slight bone injuries to the man who died at the age of 25 to 35, for which cancer was the only possible cause. The cancer had apparently strained the man, because the examination showed traces of metastases on the clavicles, shoulder blades and cervical vertebrae as well as on the arms, ribs, hip and pelvic bones. On the basis of these findings, research can now continue on the history of the disease, which has not yet been clearly clarified, because even in the example of the skeleton found it is not yet clear what caused the cancer in the young man and whether it actually led to death. “The study draws its strength from modern analytical techniques used for differential diagnosis and from the fact that it is firmly anchored in a well documented archaeological and historical context, providing new insights into the history and antiquity of the disease as well as the underlying ones Causes and the course become possible, ”the researchers conclude. (No)

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